Istanbul (თურქ. İstanbul) — Turkey’s largest city. Located in the Bosphorus strait natural haven of “Golden Horn” (Turk. Haliç), in the north-west. Officially located in Europe and Asia, however, is usually referred to as the European city, possibly a precursor of Constantinople, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire influence. The city has a population of 13,854,740 people accounted sintering 2012, thus it is Europe’s largest and the world’s second most populous. The city’s geographical kordinatebia 41 ° N 28 ° E. It is also the provincial capital of Istanbul.